The Path to Common Prosperity: Rising Social Construction and Livelihood Expenditure
2022年11月08日 10:22 来源:Social Sciences in China Press 作者:Jiao Changquan a and Dong Leiming b

  Jiao Changquan a and Dong Leiming b

  a School of Marxism, Peking University

  b School of Sociology, Beijing Normal University

  Abstract:Since 2000, China has undergone a “golden age” of livelihood security construction similar to that of the Western industrialized countries in the 1960s to 1980s. Nowadays, China has built up the world’s largest social security and housing support systems; the coverage of compulsory education has reached the average level of high-income countries; and the main health indicators are generally better than the average of middle- and highincome countries. Obviously, China is no longer a “low-welfare” country. Livelihood expenditure, with a share of GDP close to the level of developed countries around 1980, has become the principal part of public expenditure, and the central government is also playing an increasingly prominent role in ensuring people’s livelihoods. China is building a new livelihood security system with responsibility shared among multiple levels of government.

  Keywords: social construction, livelihood expenditure, great transformation, central-local relations

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